Cardinal William H. Keeler, the Seventh Bishop of the Diocese of Harrisburg and the 14th Archbishop of Baltimore, died March 23 at his residence at St. Martin’s Home for the Aged in Catonsville, Md. He was 86.
“It is with great sadness that I learned of the death of Cardinal William H. Keeler,” Bishop Ronald Gainer said in a statement about the cardinal, who served as Bishop of Harrisburg from 1983 to 1989. “He was a true Churchman whom we are greatly honored to have called a priest of the Diocese of Harrisburg.”
“His roots and Catholic education in Lebanon prepared him to do great work for the people of God,” the bishop said. “This area and diocese benefited significantly from his leadership and passion for service and evangelization. Most notably, during his time as a priest and bishop, he worked fruitfully to advance increased cooperation and warmer relationships between different Christian communities, both locally and nationally. In addition he served at an international level to foster dialogue and understanding with those of the Jewish faith.”
“I thank God for his priestly life and ministry and for his inspiring service to all. May we all pray that the powerful mercy of Jesus has ushered him into the eternal life of heaven,” he continued. “Joining in sympathy with the members of his family and with all in the family of faith, we mourn his passing from us with confident hope in the Resurrection.”
“One of the great blessings in my life was coming to know Cardinal Keeler,” said Baltimore Archbishop William E. Lori in a statement. “Cardinal Keeler will be greatly missed. I am grateful to the Little Sisters for their devoted care for the cardinal.”
Cardinal Keeler was the Bishop of Harrisburg when he was appointed the 14th archbishop of Baltimore in 1989. Pope John Paul II made him a cardinal in 1994. He retired in 2007. As president of the U.S. bishops’ conference from 1992 to 1995, he participated in a wide range of national and international issues.
As part of his work with what is now the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Cardinal Keeler developed a reputation for effectively building interfaith bonds. He is particularly noted for his work in furthering Catholic-Jewish dialogue. He was appointed moderator of Catholic-Jewish Relations for the USCCB.
“As a priest, Bishop of Harrisburg and Archbishop of Baltimore, the cardinal worked to bring the hope of Christ to people’s lives,” said Cardinal Daniel N. DiNardo of Galveston Houston, who is president of the USCCB. “He also built bridges of solidarity to people of other faiths as a leader in ecumenism and interreligious affairs.
“Cardinal Keeler was a dear friend. The most fitting tribute we can offer is to carry forward his episcopal motto in our daily lives: ‘Do the work of an evangelist,’” Cardinal DiNardo said in a statement.
He called the late cardinal “a servant of priestly virtue and gentlemanly manner” who is remembered by the USCCB for “his generosity of spirit in service to his brothers and the people of God.”
Cardinal Keeler’s death leaves the College of Cardinals with 223 members, 17 of whom are from the United States. The College of Cardinals has 117 members under the age of 80 and eligible to vote in a conclave.
In his statement, Archbishop Lori remarked on “the respect and esteem” in which the cardinal was held by his brother bishops, and praised his leadership in Jewish-Catholic relations and in Orthodox-Catholic relations. Archbishop Lori also said he was known for his “prowess as a Church historian” and had a “deep love and respect for the history and heritage of the Archdiocese of Baltimore.”
Cardinal Keeler was an ardent promoter of the Catholic Church’s teaching on the sanctity of all human life. He twice served as chairman of the U.S. bishops’ Committee for Pro-Life Activities and testified at all levels of government on legislation ranging from abortion to euthanasia to capital punishment.
Among the cardinal’s many accomplishments in the Baltimore Archdiocese, Archbishop Lori highlighted “the wonderful visit of Pope St. John Paul II to Baltimore in 1995, the restoration of the Basilica of the Assumption and the creation of Partners in Excellence which has helped thousands of young people from disadvantaged neighborhoods to receive a sound Catholic education.”
“When I would visit the cardinal at the Little Sisters of the Poor (in Cardinal Keeler’s retirement), I gave him a report on my stewardship and told him many times that we were striving to build upon his legacy – a legacy that greatly strengthened the Church and the wider community,” Archbishop Lori said.
Born in San Antonio and raised in Lebanon, Pa., William Henry Keeler knew from an early age he was called to the priesthood. In a 2005 interview with the Catholic Review, Baltimore’s archdiocesan newspaper, he recalled visiting his grandfather’s farm in Illinois when the local Catholic pastor stopped by for a visit – pointing to the 4-year-old boy and announcing that he would one day become a priest.
In Lebanon, William Keeler attended Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Parish and its school, St. Mary’s, and graduated from Lebanon Catholic High School in 1948.
He received a B.A. from St. Charles Seminary in Overbrook, Philadelphia, in 1952, and a Licentiate in Sacred Theology from Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, in 1956.
Father Keeler was ordained a priest on July 17, 1955, in the Church of the Holy Apostles in Rome by Archbishop (later Cardinal) Luigi Traglia.
He served as assistant pastor at Our Lady of Good Counsel Parish Marysville, and its mission, St. Bernadette in Duncannon, and secretary of the diocesan Tribunal (1956-1958). In 1961, he received his doctorate in Canon Law and returned as assistant pastor to the Marysville and Duncannon congregations and defender of the bond in the diocesan Tribunal. In 1964, he became pastor at Marysville and Duncannon.
As secretary to Bishop Leech during the Second Vatican Council meetings in Rome (1962-1965), he was appointed peritus or “special advisor” to the Council by Pope John XXIII. He also served on the staff of the Council Digest, a daily communication service sponsored by the United States Bishops.
At the close of the Council in 1965, he was named Papal Chamberlain, with the title of Monsignor by Pope Paul VI, and, in 1970, he was named Prelate of Honor by Pope Paul VI.
Msgr. Keeler was appointed as Vice Chancellor of the Harrisburg Diocese in 1965; Chancellor in 1969; and later Vicar General. He was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Harrisburg and Titular Bishop of Ulcinium (Dulcigno) by Pope John Paul II on July 24, 1979. His episcopal ordination took place on September 21, 1979, at St. Patrick Cathedral in Harrisburg.
Upon the death of Bishop Joseph T. Daley on September 3, 1983, he was elected Administrator of the Diocese of Harrisburg by the College of Consultors. Pope John Paul II appointed him Bishop of Harrisburg on November 10, 1983, and he was installed as the Seventh Bishop of Harrisburg on January 4, 1984, by His Eminence John Cardinal Krol of Philadelphia, at St. Patrick Cathedral, Harrisburg.
During his years in the Diocese of Harrisburg, Bishop Keeler served in numerous capacities: member of the Diocesan Evangelization Commission, Board of Managers of Holy Spirit Hospital, Board of Directors of Villa Teresa, Interreligious Forum of Greater Harrisburg, Joint Committee of Lutheran and Roman Catholic Bishops, Pennsylvania Conference on Interchurch Cooperation and the Executive Committee of the Pennsylvania Catholic Conference.
To seek further guidance and to encourage the faithful to deepen their relationship with Christ, Bishop Keeler convened a diocesan Synod, and during the final session in 1988, he announced diocesan priorities by creating a Secretariat for Youth and a lay ministry program for lectors and special ministers.
“He lived his Episcopal motto: to do the work of an evangelist,” Bishop Kevin C. Rhoades, Ninth Bishop of Harrisburg and current Bishop of the Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend, told The Catholic Witness.
Cardinal Keeler was appointed Archbishop of Baltimore by Pope John Paul II on April 11, 1989, and was formally installed as 14th ordinary of the nation’s oldest See on May 23 in ceremonies at the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen.
He was appointed to the College of Cardinals by Pope John Paul II on November 28, 1994. The Consistory ceremony took place in the Pope Paul VI Audience Hall, Vatican City State.
As Baltimore’s archbishop and head of the nation’s first archdiocese, the 1995 papal visit to Baltimore – at Cardinal Keeler’s invitation – was one of the prelate’s proudest moments. St. John Paul II celebrated Mass at Oriole Park at Camden Yards, visited the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen and the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, shared a meal at Our Daily Bread and encouraged seminarians at St. Mary’s Seminary in Roland Park.
A prodigious fundraiser, Cardinal Keeler established what is now known as the Archbishop’s Annual Appeal. In 1997, he launched a major capital campaign known as Heritage of Hope that raised more than $137 million from more than 39,000 gifts and pledges.
The cardinal also established the Partners in Excellence program, which provides tuition scholarships for children in inner-city Catholic schools. Since its inception in 1996, Partners in Excellence has provided more than $26 million in tuition assistance.
One of the cardinal’s last major efforts was the $32 million campaign to restore the basilica. After more than two years of construction, the building was rededicated Nov. 4, 2006 – 200 years after the basilica’s cornerstone was laid. More than 240 bishops from across the nation were there for the celebration, marking the first time all the country’s bishops gathered in the basilica since 1989 when the archdiocese marked its bicentennial.
Father Michael White, pastor of the Church of the Nativity in Timonium, Md., and Cardinal Keeler’s first priest-secretary in Baltimore, said Cardinal Keeler “put Baltimore on the map in the Catholic Church.”
Father White noted that in addition to the papal visit, Cardinal Keeler hosted spiritual gatherings in Baltimore in the late 1990s with St. Teresa of Kolkata and Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople. Leaders within the Catholic Church and from other faith traditions regularly visited him in Baltimore and “not a day went by” when bishops from other parts of the country didn’t call for the cardinal’s advice, Father White said.
Cardinal Keeler suffered serious health problems in the latter years of his ministry. He underwent knee replacement surgery in 2005 and had to have brain surgery in 2006 following a car accident in Italy that resulted in the death of a friend, Father Bernard Quinn of the Diocese of Harrisburg.
In the early part of his retirement, Cardinal Keeler remained focused on many of the same priorities he had always held: promoting better relations between the Catholic and Jewish communities, celebrating Mass every day and staying in touch with friends.
In his final years, one of the U.S. Church’s great communicators was frustrated by finding it difficult to find the words to express himself.
“His final years of illness were lived in silent, Christ-like dignity and acceptance to the will of God,” said Cardinal Edwin F. O’Brien, Cardinal Keeler’s immediate successor in Baltimore, who is grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre.
Referring to Cardinal Keeler’s accomplishments as “monumental,” Cardinal O’Brien added that he prays that the cardinal “enjoy a joyful, eternal rest in the Lord he served so generously.”
(Matysek is assistant managing editor of the Catholic Review, the news website and magazine of the Archdiocese of Baltimore. Contributing to this article was Jen Reed of The Catholic Witness.)
By George P. Matysek Jr., Catholic News Service